"An Accurate Map of North
and South Carolina with Their Indian
Frontiers Shewing in a distinct manner
all the Mountains, Rivers, Swamps, Marshes,
Bays, Creeks, Harbours, Sandbanks and
Soundings on the Coasts, with The Roads
and Indian Paths... from Actual Surveys
by Henry Mouzon and Others"
Copper plate engraving
with outline hand color. Two sheets
each 20 1/2" x 57",dissected
on linen. (Overall 41" x 57")
London: Sayer and Bennett,
Henry Mouzon's landmark map of the Carolinas
was the primary source for the American,
English, and French armies during the
Revolutionary War. George Washington's
copy of the map, folded and backed on
cloth so it could be safely transported
in his saddlebag, is today in the collection
of the American Geographical Society.
The example owned by Lieutenant General
J.B.D. de Vimeur Rochambeau, who with
his French troops marched alongside
Washington to Yorktown, is in the Library
of congress, and the copy owned by the
British general Henry Clinton is in
the William L. Clements Library in Ann
Arbor. That the foremost figures of
the War for Independence relied on this
map does not begin to indicate its importance
and influence. The Mouzon map was the
most important map of the Carolinas
until well into the nineteenth century.
For over fifty years, Mouzon's map was
the source for information about the
geography and topography of the Carolinas,
and was copied frequently by other mapmakers
for its amazing detail and accuracy.
Mouzon based his map on years of personal
surveying experience, as well as over
a decade spent critically assessing
and incorporating previous information.
For North Carolina, Mouzon inserted
for the first time Tryon County, Pelham
County (later called Sampson), and the
topography west of the Catawba River
is more detailed and accurate than on
any previous map. Mouzon also advanced
beyond earlier maps in his inclusion
of rivers, streams, roads, and physical
features like "White Oaks or Tryon
Mountains" and "Kings Mountain".
For South Carolina, Mouzon added rivers
and Indian settlements west of the Cherokee
Indian boundary lines, and his depiction
of the eastern precincts was more sophisticated
than anything that had come before.
Besides details of natural features,
Mouzon's map depicts forts, parishes,
bridges, roads, Indian paths, and boundaries,
and includes insets of Charleston and
Port Royal harbors.
Ref: Cumming, Southeast In Early Maps,
#450; Schwartz, Mapping of America,
p. 187; Guthorn, British Maps of the
American Revolution, p. 37; Pritchard
& Taliaferro, Degrees of Latitude,
#44, pp. 208-211.